- What are the only things that can change in a valid experiment?
- What makes an experiment reliable?
- What are the factors affecting reliability?
- How can you improve reliability?
- What would make an experiment invalid?
- How many times should you repeat an experiment to make it more reliable?
- What is the importance of reliability?
- What is the purpose of reliability?
- What are the characteristics of reliability?
- What are the 5 components of experimental design?
- What is the purpose of a control?
- How can internal consistency be improved?
What are the only things that can change in a valid experiment?
Four basic components that affect the validity of an experiment are the control, independent and dependent variables, and constants.
These basic requirements need to be present and identified to consider an experiment valid..
What makes an experiment reliable?
When a scientist repeats an experiment with a different group of people or a different batch of the same chemicals and gets very similar results then those results are said to be reliable. Reliability is measured by a percentage – if you get exactly the same results every time then they are 100% reliable.
What are the factors affecting reliability?
The reliability of the measures are affected by the length of the scale, definition of the items, homogeneity of the groups, duration of the scale, objectivity in scoring, the conditions of measuring, the explanation of the scale, the characteristics of the items in scale, difficulty of scale, and reliability …
How can you improve reliability?
Here are six practical tips to help increase the reliability of your assessment:Use enough questions to assess competence. … Have a consistent environment for participants. … Ensure participants are familiar with the assessment user interface. … If using human raters, train them well. … Measure reliability.More items…•
What would make an experiment invalid?
If your experiment is invalid, then the result is meaningless because either the equipment, method or analysis were not appropriate for addressing the aim. … If this assumption is not satisfied, then the experiment will be invalid.
How many times should you repeat an experiment to make it more reliable?
For most types of experiment, there is an unstated requirement that the work be reproducible, at least once, in an independent experiment, with a strong preference for reproducibility in at least three experiments.
What is the importance of reliability?
Reliability is a very important piece of validity evidence. A test score could have high reliability and be valid for one purpose, but not for another purpose. An example often used for reliability and validity is that of weighing oneself on a scale.
What is the purpose of reliability?
Reliability is defined as the ability of a product or system to perform its required functions without failure for a specified time period and when used under specified conditions. Engineering and analysis techniques are used to improve the reliability or dependability of a product or system.
What are the characteristics of reliability?
The basic reliability characteristics are explained: time to failure, probability of failure and of failure-free operation, repairable and unrepairable objects. Mean time to repair and between repairs, coefficient of availability and unavailability, failure rate. Examples for better understanding are included.
What are the 5 components of experimental design?
The five components of the scientific method are: observations, questions, hypothesis, methods and results. Following the scientific method procedure not only ensures that the experiment can be repeated by other researchers, but also that the results garnered can be accepted.
What is the purpose of a control?
A scientific control is an experiment or observation designed to minimize the effects of variables other than the independent variable. This increases the reliability of the results, often through a comparison between control measurements and the other measurements.
How can internal consistency be improved?
If Cronbach’s Alpha (i.e. internal consistency) is poor for your scale, there are a couple ways to improve it: Eliminate items that are poorly correlated with other items in your scale (i.e. “Number letters in your last name” item in previous example)