What Is The Main Cause Of Narcolepsy?

Is narcolepsy a disability?

The Social Security Administration (SSA) does not recognize narcolepsy as a medical condition that automatically qualifies you for disability benefits.

Therefore, you must provide a Residual Functional Capacity (RFC) assessment that provides evidence of your disorder and how it affects your ability to work..

What does a narcoleptic attack feel like?

Other symptoms of a narcoleptic attack include the following: Cataplexy: Sudden loss of muscle tone that makes you unable to move. Hallucinations: Unreal sensations that are perceived as real. Sleep paralysis: Total paralysis just before falling asleep or just after waking up.

Is Narcolepsy considered a rare disease?

Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder that affects the natural cycles of sleeping and waking. It is characterized by excessive sleepiness during the day. This rare disease affects 2–5 out of every 10,000 people (1).

Does narcolepsy cause weight gain?

Many people with narcolepsy have a tendency toward being overweight. Adults with narcolepsy weigh about 15–20% more than would be expected on average in the general population. In the months after narcolepsy begins, sudden weight gain can be dramatic, with some children gaining 10–40 pounds over several months.

Does narcolepsy affect mood?

Although symptoms of mood disorders are present in many patients, the prevalence of major depression is not increased. Anxiety and mood symptoms could be secondary complications of the chronic symptoms of narcolepsy. Recent studies have shown that narcolepsy is caused by defective hypocretin signaling.

Is it normal to fall into deep sleep immediately?

Narcolepsy, which affects about one in 2,000 people, is a sleep disorder that causes a person to instantly fall into a deep sleep at any time, even in the middle of an activity.

How do you test for narcolepsy?

Two tests that are considered essential in confirming a diagnosis of narcolepsy are the polysomnogram (PSG) and the multiple sleep latency test (MSLT). In addition, questionnaires, such as the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, are often used to measure excessive daytime sleepiness.

Does narcolepsy worsen with age?

Narcolepsy is a lifelong problem, but it does not usually worsen as the person ages. Symptoms can partially improve over time, but they will never disappear completely. The most typical symptoms are excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, sleep paralysis, and hallucinations.

Is narcolepsy a mental illness?

However, narcolepsy is frequently misdiagnosed initially as a psychiatric condition, contributing to the protracted time to accurate diagnosis and treatment. Narcolepsy is a disabling neurodegenerative condition that carries a high risk for development of social and occupational dysfunction.

How long does narcolepsy last?

It can be dangerous if the person falls asleep while operating machinery or driving. Sleep attacks usually last between 10 and 30 minutes although they may be much shorter or as long as 2 hours.

Can you wait too long to treat narcolepsy?

Don’t wait until it’s too late. Feelings of drowsiness or not getting enough sleep, or falling asleep spontaneously, are not a laughing matter. These symptoms could be a warning sign of narcolepsy.

How can you prevent narcolepsy?

Avoid caffeine, alcohol, and heavy meals several hours before bedtime. Don’t smoke. Do something relaxing, such as take a warm bath or read a book before going to sleep. Get regular exercise every day, which can help you sleep at night.

Does narcolepsy cause depression?

Many symptoms of narcolepsy—particularly sleep attacks and cataplexy—can cause great embarrassment and wreak havoc on your ability to live a normal life. These episodes can be frightening, and you may become depressed because of the sudden lack of control.

What are the five signs of narcolepsy?

There are 5 main symptoms of narcolepsy, referred to by the acronym CHESS (Cataplexy, Hallucinations, Excessive daytime sleepiness, Sleep paralysis, Sleep disruption). While all patients with narcolepsy experience excessive daytime sleepiness, they may not experience all 5 symptoms.

Does caffeine help narcolepsy?

Consider your caffeine use. Some people with narcolepsy find coffee or other caffeinated beverages helpful to staying awake. For others, coffee is ineffective, or, in combination with stimulant medications, it can cause jitteriness, diarrhea, anxiety, or a racing heart.

What is the difference between sleep apnea and narcolepsy?

Sleep apnea and narcolepsy are very different conditions. The only similarity is that they are chronic sleep disorders. While narcolepsy affects how well someone can control their sleep patterns, sleep apnea occurs when there are repeated pauses in breathing during sleep.

Does narcolepsy lead to dementia?

It is not known how many people who experience REM disorder may develop diseases such as Parkinson’s or dementia. A corresponding editorial noted there is no evidence that narcolepsy, with or without REM disorder, will later lead to neurodegenerative disorders.

What is the best treatment for narcolepsy?

TreatmentStimulants. Drugs that stimulate the central nervous system are the primary treatment to help people with narcolepsy stay awake during the day. … Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) or serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs). … Tricyclic antidepressants. … Sodium oxybate (Xyrem).

Does narcolepsy shorten lifespan?

Narcolepsy is not a degenerative disease, however, and patients do not develop other neurologic symptoms. In fact, older patients often report that their symptoms decrease in severity after age 60. Apart from falls or other accidents, narcolepsy does not affect a person’s life expectancy.

What can narcolepsy be mistaken for?

Narcolepsy is often misdiagnosed as other conditions that can have similar symptoms, including:Depression.Anxiety.Other psychologic/psychiatric disorders.Insomnia.Obstructive sleep apnea.

What is Type 2 narcolepsy?

Narcolepsy type 2 (narcolepsy without cataplexy) is characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness and abnormal manifestations of REM sleep on polysomnography and multiple sleep latency testing.

Does narcolepsy make it hard to wake up?

The disorder also may cause muscle weakness. Most people who have narcolepsy have trouble sleeping at night. Some people who have the disorder fall asleep suddenly, even if they’re in the middle of talking, eating, or another activity.

What happens if narcolepsy goes untreated?

When left untreated, narcolepsy can be socially disabling and isolating. It often leads to the onset of depression. Type 2 diabetes mellitus may occur more often in people with narcolepsy.

Are narcoleptics always tired?

Narcolepsy is more than just feeling ultra tired. It’s actually a chronic brain disorder. People with narcolepsy have poorly regulated sleep-wake cycles, so they experience sudden and involuntary attacks of daytime sleepiness—whether for a few seconds or minutes—and often aren’t able to resist the urge to sleep.

Can I drive if I have narcolepsy?

Narcolepsy and driving If you’re diagnosed with narcolepsy, it may affect your ability to drive. Stop driving immediately and inform the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA). You’ll need to complete a medical questionnaire so your individual circumstances can be assessed.

What foods help narcolepsy?

“What I generally recommend is a healthy diet of complex carbohydrates, protein, and healthy fats that are spread into multiple meals throughout the day,” he says.

What vitamins can help with narcolepsy?

Optimizing your vitamin D levels may be your single greatest weapon in combating a wide range of illnesses including multiple sclerosis (MS), narcolepsy, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, type 1 diabetes, psoriasis, and even some cancers. Vitamin D is classified as an essential, fat-soluble vitamin.